Sample Goals


Examples of Music Therapy Goals
Music therapists work with people of all ages to address limitations in non-musical areas. Below are some examples of music therapy goals listed by skill areas.
Communication Skills
  • to improve expressive language (i.e., ability to communicate thoughts/feelings)
  • to improve receptive language (i.e., ability to understand)
  • to improve speech and verbal communication
  • to promote effective use of non-verbal communication
Academic/Behavior Skills
  • to encourage ability to imitate
  • to improve ability to comprehend written language
  • to improve ability to count and associate numbers with concepts
  • to improve ability to discriminate colors
  • to promote reality orientation
  • to improve memory skills
  • to increase on-task behavior
  • to improve ability to follow directions
  • to increase participation
  • to decrease interfering behaviors
  • to promote ability to complete activities of daily living
Motor Skills
  • to maintain/improve fine motor functioning
  • to maintain/improve gross motor functioning
  • to promote identification of body parts
  • to improve reach/grasp/release skills
  • to maintain/improve range of motion
  • to improve eye/hand coordination
  • to improve auditory and visual perception
Emotional Skills
  • to increase verbal/non-verbal expression of feelings
  • to improve self-esteem
  • to improve impulse control
  • to increase attention span
  • to develop coping skills
  • to decrease stress and anxiety
  • to facilitate the grieving process
  • to teach relaxation techniques
  • to facilitate exploration of spiritual concerns
Social Skills
  • to improve social interaction with others
  • to improve appropriate eye contact
  • to increase ability to touch others appropriately
  • to increase willingness to be touched by others
  • to increase ability to share materials and equipment with others
  • to improve ability to accept constructive criticism from others
  • to improve ability to make choices and initiate responses
  • to improve ability to accept praise and give praise to others
  • to decrease isolation
  • to improve ability to participate in appropriate play activities
  • to improve interpersonal skills
  • to build relationships
Leisure Skills
  • to develop skills to participate in appropriate leisure time activities
  • to develop knowledge of available leisure time activities
Other Skills
  • to decrease pain
  • to teach pain management skills
  • to promote independence
  • to facilitate reminiscence and life review
  • to develop creativity and sense of identity